The plans of the Russian authorities to make a “breakthrough” to the world rates of economic growth, innovation and a new quality of life continue to shift into the future, like the timing of building communism in the USSR.
The government expects to meet the goal of halving the number of citizens living below the poverty line by 2030, First Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova said in an interview with TASS.
Initially, Russian President Vladimir Putin set this task for a 6-year term. The plan for achieving national development goals, approved three years ago, included a reduction in the poverty rate to 11.1% in 2020, 9.3% in 2022 and 6.6% in 2024.
About 9 million people were supposed to be lifted out of poverty by accelerating economic growth to 3% and more, increasing non-resource exports by 80% and the share of innovative companies from 16% to 50%.
Even before the pandemic, the plan began to burst at the seams: in 2019, 12.3% of the population lived below the poverty line (instead of 12%). Exports of goods, except for oil, gas and oil products, amounted to $ 180 billion instead of the required $ 230 billion.
By the end of 2020, the real disposable income of Russians fell by another 3.5% and fell back to the 2010 level. Wages in dollar terms have plummeted to an 11-year low.
The army of the poor has added another 1.2 million people. At the end of the third quarter, according to Rosstat, 18.8 million Russians, or 12.8% of the population, had incomes below the subsistence level, which the Ministry of Labor set at 12,542 rubles for the working-age population, 9,519 rubles for pensioners and 11,580 rubles for children. …
Having recognized the impossibility of a “breakthrough” in six years, the authorities decided to implement it in ten.
A new plan to achieve national goals, including on poverty, with a deadline shifted to 2030, was submitted to the government on March 1 and is awaiting approval by the Council for National Projects, Golikova said.
Poverty reduction is a multi-component task that depends not only on the budget, but also on the growth rate of the economy, she stressed.
“We are undertaking a number of efforts aimed at increasing the real incomes of the population. This also applies to increasing wages and salaries of military personnel, the annual indexation of insurance pensions not lower than the inflation rate, increasing pensions of citizens dismissed from military service, supporting employment in the form of social payments to the unemployed, assistance in finding suitable work, etc., ”Golikova said.
She recalled that since 2021, the methodology for calculating the minimum wage and living wage has been changed. “We proceed from the constitutional principle – the minimum wage should exceed the subsistence level,” she said.
Also, since 2020, as part of a pilot project to increase the real incomes of citizens in 21 regions, a social contract mechanism has been launched, and since 2021 it has spread throughout the country.
As for the level of poverty itself, the fight against it is entrusted to the regions. Each subject “builds its own line for itself,” and the government – at the level of the Ministry of Labor – only gives “methodological recommendations” for drawing up regional programs, Golikova said.