Russia continues to increase its dependence on imports of advanced technologies, despite years of plans to make a breakthrough into the hi-tech economy.
Almost 30% of all advanced technologies that are used in production in the Russian Federation are purchased abroad, experts from the Center for Statistics and Monitoring of Innovations of the Higher School of Economics calculated.
At the same time, the share of imports in technological solutions is growing every year: in 2011 it was 21.1%, in 2017 – 28.7%, in 2018 – 29.3%.
The demand for solutions that optimize production processes and significantly increase labor productivity is growing: in the period from 2011-2018. the number of PPTs in use increased by 33%, to 254.9 thousand units, the HSE notes.
At the same time, “innovative strategies focused on the independent development of new technologies are poorly distributed in Russia,” the study says.
The number of advanced technologies being developed in Russia – 1,565 units in 2018 – is less than 1% of the demand for them.
“The technological dependence of domestic organizations is aggravated by the high average age of the technologies used and the long period of technological re-equipment,” the authors of the study write.
At the regional level, preference for domestic technological solutions is given by agricultural entities. All others “demonstrate the priority nature of technology imports (range from 16% to 38%) with a low intensity of use of independently developed solutions (less than 22% in all types of regions),” the HSE notes.
“The lack of sustainable and intensive development of complex high-tech industries in the manufacturing industry and sectors with potentially high“ applied ”innovation potential creates the risk of reducing the country’s global competitiveness,” the authors warn.